Question: What Were The German Secret Police Called?

What was the name of the secret police?

ChekaThe first secret police, called the Cheka, was established in December 1917 as a temporary institution to be abolished once Vladimir Lenin and the Bolsheviks had consolidated their power.

The original Cheka, headed by Feliks Dzerzhinskii, was empowered only to investigate “counterrevolutionary” crimes..

How many did the Stasi kill?

A new German study has put at 327 the number of people killed at the East German border during the Cold War. Most were civilians trying to flee to the West from communist East Germany. The 327 includes 262 who died at the Berlin Wall, and 24 East German border guards who were shot while on duty.

Who was Hitler’s deadliest general?

Otto SkorzenyOtto Skorzeny (12 June 1908 – 5 July 1975) was an Austrian-born SS-Obersturmbannführer (lieutenant colonel) in the Waffen-SS during World War II.

What were the East German secret police called?

Ministerium für StaatsicherheitStasi, official name Ministerium für Staatsicherheit (German: “Ministry for State Security”), secret police agency of the German Democratic Republic (East Germany). The Stasi was one of the most hated and feared institutions of the East German communist government.

What is the difference between the SS and the Gestapo?

Adolf Hitler appoints SS chief Heinrich Himmler chief of all German police units. All police powers are now centralized. The Gestapo (German secret state police) comes under Himmler’s control. Responsible for state security, it has the authority to send individuals to concentration camps.

What did the SS stand for?

SchutzstaffelThe Schutzstaffel (SS; also stylized as ᛋᛋ with Armanen runes; German pronunciation: [ˈʃʊtsˌʃtafl̩] ( listen); literally ‘Protection Squadron’) was a major paramilitary organization under Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party (NSDAP) in Nazi Germany, and later throughout German-occupied Europe during World War II.

What does Fourth Reich mean?

In the modern context the term refers to Nazi Germany. It was used by the Nazis to legitimize their regime as a successor state to the retroactively-renamed First and Second Reichs. The term “Fourth Reich” has been used in a variety of different ways.

What does secret police mean?

Secret police (or political police) are intelligence, security or police agencies that engage in covert operations against a government’s political opponents and dissidents. Secret police organizations are characteristic of authoritarian and totalitarian regimes.

What were Hitler’s guards called?

Founded in 1925, the “Schutzstaffel,” German for “Protective Echelon,” initially served as Nazi Party leader Adolf Hitler’s (1889-1945) personal bodyguards, and later became one of the most powerful and feared organizations in all of Nazi Germany.

What is the German FBI called?

The Federal Intelligence ServiceThe Federal Intelligence Service (German: Bundesnachrichtendienst; German pronunciation: [ˌbʊndəsˈnaːχʁɪçtnˌdiːnst], BND) is the foreign intelligence agency of Germany, directly subordinated to the Chancellor’s Office.

How many German spies were executed in ww2?

During the war, counter-espionage located and brought to trial 31 German agents, 12 of whom were executed.

Who was Hitler’s private bodyguard?

Rochus MischRochus Misch, who served as Adolf Hitler’s devoted bodyguard for most of the second world war and was the last remaining witness to the Nazi leader’s final hours in his Berlin bunker, has died aged 96.

What is Russian secret service called?

Federal Security Service of the RussianThe Federal Security Service of the Russian Federation (FSB RF; Russian: Федеральная служба безопасности Российской Федерации (ФСБ), tr.

Why was it called the 3rd Reich?

The Third Reich – meaning “Third Realm” or “Third Empire” – alluded to the Nazis’ conceit that Nazi Germany was the successor to the earlier Holy Roman Empire (800–1806) and German Empire (1871–1918).

Do cops in Germany carry guns?

Depending on the certain state police regulation, German police officers may be authorized to carry their department-issued firearms while off duty. … In their private properties, the officers are required to have a safe to store their gun while not carrying it.

What does BND stand for in Germany?

BundesnachrichtendienstBND, abbreviation of Bundesnachrichtendienst, German: “Federal Intelligence Service”, foreign intelligence agency of the West German government.

What is ß called?

In German orthography, the grapheme ß, called Eszett (IPA: [ɛsˈtsɛt]) or scharfes S (IPA: [ˈʃaɐ̯fəs ˈʔɛs], [ˈʃaːfəs ˈʔɛs], lit. “sharp S”), represents the [s] phoneme in Standard German, specifically when following long vowels and diphthongs, while ss is used after short vowels.

Does Russia have a secret police?

It was the chief government agency of “union-republican jurisdiction”, carrying out internal security, intelligence and secret police functions. … In 1991, after the dissolution of the Soviet Union, the KGB split into the Federal Security Service and the Foreign Intelligence Service of the Russian Federation.